南宁师范大学归纳英语考研真题详解(南宁师范大学在哪里)



考研真题精选
一、选择题
1. derivational morpheme contrasts sharply with inflectional morpheme in that the former changes the _____ while the latter does not.(北二外2021研)
a. meaning
b. word class
c. form
d. speech sound
【答案】b查看答案
【解析】morpheme语素,分为安适语素和黏着语素,其间黏着语素包括词根和词缀两品种型,词缀分为派生词缀(derivational affixes)和屈折词缀(inflectional affixes)。派生词缀黏附在词根语素上构成新词,也即添加了新的词汇义内容或改动了词的品种归属。屈折词缀只能改动一个词的方法,不能构成新词。也即屈折词缀添加的是标明句法领域的意义,而且老是不改动词的品种归属。即两者重要差异在所以不是改动了词的品种,故b为正确答案。
2. which of the following are homographs?(对外经贸2015研)
a. lead, lead
b. rest, wrest
c. lie, lie
d. beat, bit
【答案】c查看答案
【解析】homographs同形异义词,指在语法方法上拼写和发音完全相同,而意义不一样的词。lie“躺着”,还有“扯谎”的意思,所以c选项中两个词是同形异义词。
3. _____ deals with the relationship between the linguistic element and the non-linguistic world experience.(西安交大2008研)
a. reference
b. concept
c. semantics
d. sense
【答案】a查看答案
【解析】指称指具有某些特征的具体实体,它处置的是言语元素与非言语世界的联络。
4. there are generally three kinds of sense relations recognized, sameness relation, oppositeness relation and inclusiveness relation. they are represented by ______ respectively.(大连外国语学院2008研)
a. synonymy, antonymy, and hyponymy
b. synonymy, hyponymy, and antonymy
c. antonymy, synonymy, and hyponymy
【答案】a查看答案
【解析】有三种涵义联络,别离为同义联络,反义联络和上下义联络。
5. which of the following best states the behaviorist view, of child language acquisition?(北二外2015研)
a. language acquisition is a process of habit formation.
b. language acquisition is the species-specific property of human beings.
c. children are born with an innate ability to acquire language.
d. humans are equipped with the neural prerequisites for language and language use.
【答案】a查看答案
【解析】本题查询儿童言语习得的行为主义观念。行为主义观念认为言语习得是经过影响-强化所构成习气的进程。选项c是天资假设的观念。
unit 1
一、词汇短语
text 1
vocabulary
vain?[vein]?adj.?无益的,白搭的;自傲的;爱虚荣的
n.?白搭,白搭
【例句】trying to persuade him is a vain attempt. 企图说服他是白搭的。
【词组】in vain/vain efforts白搭
【助记】男:“我喜爱你”。女:“无效的”。
approach?[e5preutf]?n.?办法,进程,途径;谈论
vt.?接近,接近;着手处置;找…协商
vi.?接近
【例句】this approach has many problem
南宁师范大学归纳英语考研真题详解(南宁师范大学在哪里)插图
s. 这条思路有许多疑问。
【词组】make an approach to 对…进行谈论
approach with 以…方法处置;向…提出主张
【助记】源自pro: 撑持,正面,利益,必定;音:阿婆肉吃,阿婆有肉吃,我们都接近接近阿婆等着吃。
【派生】approachable?adj.?亲热的;可接近的
rehearse?[ri5he:s]?v.?排练,排演;叙说(某事物),(尤指)自述,背诵;(经过排演)辅导或练习(或人)
【例句】he rehearsed his speech last night. 他昨晚操练了他的演说。
【助记】排演热(re)门戏,听(hear)着瑟(se)声起。
【派生】rehearsal?n.?排演;预演;操练;练习;叙说
autograph?[5c:te^rb:f]?n.?亲笔,手稿;亲笔签
vt.?亲笔签名于…;亲笔书写
【例句】①tina got jake dean’s autograph. 蒂娜得到了詹克蒂恩的亲笔签名。
②i autographed a copy of one of my books. 我在我的一本书上签了名。
【词组】ask for a person’s autograph请或人签名
【派生】autographic?adj.?亲笔的,亲笔写成的
award?[e5wc:d]?n.?奖,奖品;裁定
vt.?公布,奖给;断定
【例句】he was awarded a gold cup in acknowledgment of his creative achievements for the development of the company.
公司奖给他一个金杯,以谢谢他为公司打开所做出的创造性作用。
boring?[5bc:rin]?n.?钻孔
adj.?令人厌烦的,庸俗的,无聊的
【例句】john wilkinson invented a new kind of boring machine in 1775. 约翰·威尔金森在1775年创造了新式钻孔机。
attendance?[e5tendens]?n.?照看;到会,到会次(人)数;维护,照顾
【例句】she is in attendance on the sick man. 她在照看患者。
【词组】attendance at 到会
in attendance 到会;值班;担任
attendance rate 出勤率
【助记】attend(到会)+ance(名词后缀)
geography?[dvi5c^refi]?n.?地舆学,地舆;地势
【例句】in our geography class, we are learning about rivers. 咱们正在地舆课上学习有关河流的常识。
oppose?[e5peuz]?v.?对立,(使)抵挡,抵挡
【例句】he got angry when i opposed his plan. 当我对立他的方案时,他很生气。
【词组】be opposed to sth./ doing sth. 对立做某事
【助记】op(相反)+pose(放)→处于相反的
【派生】opposite?adj.?相反的;对面的;敌对的
opposite?n.?敌对面;反义词
opposition?n.?对立;对立派;在野党;仇视
totally?[5trt(e)li]?adv.?通通;完全
【例句】the rampart was destroyed totally. 壁垒被完全摧毁了。
【词组】totally different 完全不一样
【派生】totality?n.?全体;总数
humble?[5hqmbl]?adj.?谦卑的,恭顺的;方位低下的
v.?使谦卑;降低,降低
【例句】he rose from humble origins to prime minister. 他身世卑微,后来成了辅弼。
【词组】to humble oneself 自卑,低三下四
to humble one’s heart 谦恭,温柔
【助记】hum(human)+ble(联想:able)→人能做的是谦善。
field?[fi:ld]?n.?郊野;运动场;领域,规模;(电或磁)场
vi.?担任场外队员
adj.?扫描场;田赛的;野生的
vt.?把暴晒于场上;使上场
【例句】our field of vision is limited by that tall building. 咱们的视界遭到了那座高层建筑物的捆绑。
settle?[5setl]?v.?安靖,组织;暂停;久居;处置,调解
【例句】having settled things, he began to think over the next subject. 把作业组织好之后,他初步思考下一个课题。
【词组】settle down久居;恬静下来
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