考研《英语一》贵州省遵义市正安县2023年押题密卷含解析.doc…



考研《英语一》贵州省遵义市正安县2023年押题密卷sectioniu查找引擎优化fenglishdirections:readthefollowingtext.choosethebestword(s)foreachnumberedblankandmarka,b,cordontheanswersheet.(10points)it’sfourteenyearssinceileftthephilippinestolivewithmyfamilyintheusa.amonthago,whileonsummervacationbackinmymotherland,ilearnedalessonfrommosquito(蚊子)bites.rightbefore1kennedyairportinnewyork,mygrandma2meofthebehaviorofthenativemosquitoesaroundthe3likeme.shesaid,”there’sanoldsaying—the4youstayawayfromthemotherland,thesweeteryourblood5tothemosquitoes.”not6it,ireplied,”grandma,that’sjustanoldwives’tale!”well,lessthanaweek7myarrivalinmanila,iwasalreadycarpetedwitha8ofmosquitobites.itookmanymeasurestokeepmyselffrombeing9,buttheyallproveduseless.lateone10inmycousin’shome,icouldn’tbearthe11ofthebites.hopingtofindsomecomfort,i12mycousin,whowassleepingpeacefullyinthebednexttomine.unhappyforbeing13shesaid,”thereisnothingyoucando.gobacktosleep.”withafewturns,shesleptagain.enviously(妒嫉地)14hersleep,ihopedabigmosquitowould15onherface.however,themosquitoeswouldjustlightlydancearoundherforeheadandflyawayquickly,neverbitingher.amazed(惊奇的),irantoothers’16,onlytofindtheywereallsleeping17asthesamethingoccurredagainandagain.fromthosebites,icameto18mygrandma’ssillytale.fromthenon,i’vealwaystriedtokeepa(n)19mindaboutthosestrangeoldwives’tales20theydohavesometruthtothem.1、a.leaving b.passing c.visiting d.finding2、a.persuaded b.reminded c.warned d.informed3、a.students b.foreigners c.passengers d.visitors4、a.earlier b.longer c.sooner d.later5、a.grows b.goes c.flows d.remains6、a.expecting b.understanding c.recognizing d.believing7、a.after b.before c.when d.as8、a.shade b.pile c.cloud d.blanket9、a.touched b.bitten c.defeated d.discovered10、a.morning b.afternoon c.evening d.night11、a.noise b.hit c.pain d.effect12、a.wokeup b.shoutedat c.lookedfor d.droppedon13、a.blamed b.interrupted c.moved d.frightened14、a.having b.watching c.making d.helping15、a.land b.fly c.fall d.wait16、a.houses b.flats c.rooms d.homes17、a.joyfully b.anxiously c.soundlessly d.worriedly18、a.tell b.know c.remember d.accept19、a.open b.active c.clear d.honest20、a.and b.so c.because d.untilsectioniireadingcomprehensionpartadirections:readthefollowingfourtexts.answerthequestionsbeloweachtextbychoosinga,b,cord.markyouranswersontheanswersheet.(40points)text1exposinglivingtissuetosubfreezingtemperaturesforlongcancausepermanentdamage.microscopicicecrystals(结晶体)cutcellsandseizemoisture(潮气),makingdonororgansunsuitablefortransplantation.thus,organscanbemadecoldforonlyafewhoursaheadofaprocedure.butasetoflastingnewantifreezecompounds(化合物)—similartothosefoundinparticularlyhardy(耐寒的)animals—couldlengthenorgans’shelflife.scientistsattheuniversityofwarwickinenglandwereinspiredbyproteinsinsomespeciesofarcticfish,woodfrogsandotherorganismsthatpreventbloodfromfreezing,allowingthemtoflourishinextremecold.previousresearchhadshownthesenaturalantifreezemolecules(分子)couldpreserveratheartsat-1.3degreescelsiusforupto24hours.buttheseproteinsareexpensivetoextract(获取)andhighlypoisonoustosomespecies.“foralongtimeeveryoneassumedyouhadtomakesynthetic(人工的)alternativesthatlookedexactlylikeantifreezeproteinstosolvethisproblem,”saysmatthewgibson,achemistatwarwickwhoco-authoredthenewresearch.“butwefoundthatyoucandesignnewmoleculesthatfunctionlikeantifreezeproteinsbutdonotnecessarilylooklikethem.”mostnaturalantifreezemoleculeshaveamixtureofregionsthateitherattractorrepelwater.scientistsdonotknowexactlyhowthisprocesspreventsicecrystalformation,butgibsonthinksitmightthrowwatermoleculesintopush-pullchaosthatpreventsthemfromtuningintoice.tocopythismechanism,heandhiscolleaguessynthesizedspiral-shapedmoleculesthatweremostlywater-repellent—buthadironatomsattheircentersthatmadethemhydrophilic,orwater-loving.theresultingcompoundsweresurprisinglyeffectiveatstoppingicecrystalsfromforming.somewerealsoharmlesstotheroundwormcaenorhabditiselegans,indicatingtheymightbesafe
考研《英语一》贵州省遵义市正安县2023年押题密卷含解析.doc…插图
forotheranimals.“thesecompoundsarereallycoolbecausetheyarenotproteins—theyareothertypesofmoleculesthatnonethelesscandoatleastpartofwhatnaturalantifreezeproteinsdo,”saysclaradoamaral,abiologistatmountst.josephuniversity,whowasnotinvolvedintheresearch.gibson’santifreezecompoundswillstillneedtobetestedinhumans,however,andmaybeonlypartofasolution.“wedon’thavethewholepictureyet,”doamaraladds.“it’snotjustonemagicalcompoundthathelpsfreeze-tolerantorganismssurvive.it’sawholesuiteofadaptations.1、whatwillhappeniforgansarekeptforalongtimeintemperaturesbelowzero?a.theywillhaveicecrystalformationinside.b.theywillnotsufferpermanentdamage.c.theywillhavelongershelflife.d.theywillbefitfortransplantation.2、whatcanwelearnaboutnaturalantifreezeproteins?a.theylooklikegibson’santifreezecompounds.b.theyarecomposedofantifreezemoleculesharmlesstootherspecies.c.theyarespiral-shapedandhaveironatomsattheircenters.d.theycanbefoundinorganismslivinginfreezingcoldweather.3、howareantifreezemoleculespreventedfromicecrystals?a.bycreatingcompoundsbothwater-repellentandwater-loving.b.byextractingtheproteinsfromsomehardyanimals.c.bymakingsyntheticalternativeslikeantifreezeproteins.d.bycopyingspiral-shapedmoleculesmostlywater-resistant.4、what’sthemainideaofthepassage?a.push-pullchaosmightpreventwatermoleculesfromturningintoice.b.thefinalsolutiontopreservingdonororganshasbeenfoundrecently.c.chemicalsinspiredbyarcticanimalscouldlengthenorgans’shelflife.d.gibson’santifreezecompoundscandowhatnaturalantifreezeproteinsdo.text2ifyouthoughtpilotsdimmed(调暗)thelightsbeforetakeofftogiveyousomeshuteye,thinkagain.believeitornot,thedimlightingcouldactuallyhelpsaveyourlifeinca查找引擎优化faplaneemergency.thedimmedlightsbeforetakingofftherunwayandlandingareaflightprecautionusedtohelppassengers’eyesadjustquickerduringanemergencyescape.“goingfromabrightlylitenvironmenttoonethat’scompletelydarkwouldrequiresometimeforoureyestofocusandseetheescapeslide,”alicetheriault,servicedirectorforaircanadawroteinapressstatement.“sinceweneedtohaveallthesecondsonoursideintheeventofanemergency,dimmingthelightsisoneofmanystepswetaketoensurethesafetyofourcustomers.”thephenomenonthatyoureyesseethosestrangespeckles(小班驳)asyoursightadjuststoadarkplaceafterbeinginalightplaceiscalleddarkadaptation.itnormallytakesoureyesabout20to30secondstoseebestinadarkroom.thebrighterthelights,thelongerittakesforoureyestoadjust,whichiswhydimmingtheplanelightscouldshortenyour“darkadaptation”timesinceyouhaven’tbeensittingunderfluorescentbulbs(荧光灯)allflight.notonlydoesdimminglightsaddvaluabletimetotheescapeprocess,butitreducesthetensiononyoureyesifyouneedtolookoutside,orseetheemergencylightingalongthepassage.“ithelpskeepyouintherightdirection.”patricksmith,anairlinepilotandauthorofcockpitconfidentialtoldthetelegraph.“italsomakesiteasierforflightattendantstoassessanyoutsiderisks,suchasfireordebris,thatmightaffectanescape.”sonexttimeapilotdimsthelights,justknowit’sforyoursafety,eventhoughitcreatesagentleatmosphereforyourtakeoffintothesky.1、thelightsareturneddownbeforetakeofftohelppassengers_______.a.escapeintimeofemergencyb.takeashortbreakc.createacomfortableatmosphered.enjoythemselves2、whichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtoparagragh2and3?a.dimminglightsisrequiredwhenaccidentshappen.b.oureyesneedsometimetoadapttothechangeoflight.c.specklesarecausedbytheu查找引擎优化fdimmedlights.d.itisrequiredforpilotstoturnofflightsduringtheflight.3、whatisthefunctionofshortening“darkadaptation”time?a.slowingdownthelanding.b.adjustingtheplanelights.c.keepingpassengerscalm.d.helpingthecrewjudgeoutsiderisks.4、whatisthetextmainlyabout?a.atiptomakeairtravelsafer.b.anemergencyeventhappeningonaplane.c.anexplanationofanairlinesafetymeasure.d.awarningmessagefromthepilot.text3adolescence,theperiodofachild’slifewhentheyaremostvulnerabletooutsideinfluences,isarelativelyscarytimeforparents.childrenofthisagebecomethetargetofmanynegativeinfluenceswhileatthesametimetheyareexperiencinghormonesthatareragingoutofcontrol.butparentsshouldnotbefooledbytheirchildren’srejectionandrudeness.infactchildrenexpecttheconstantsupport,guidance,andinfluencefromtheirparents.icamefromafamilywhereangeralwaysliesjustbelowthesurface,waitingforanexcusetoerupt.myparentsoftensaidthatmysistersandicouldtellthemanything.thoughtheypromisednottobeangryatwhateverwewouldsay,theycouldn’tdoit.withouttheemotionalsupportfrommyparentsduringmymostvulnerableyears,ioftenfoundmyselflosingmytempereasilyandevendoingriskybehaviors.thereisnocertainstandardaboutparenting,butiknewexactlywhatishouldnotdoafteribecameaparent.iknewtheimportanceofestablishingopencommunicationandtrust,whichresultedinmyproperreactionsandmychildren’strust.ourhomewasaquietplace,ashelterformychildren’semotionalwell-being.mychildrenfreelysharedwithmewhathappenedintheirlives,whethergoodorbad,shockingorhumorous.astheirmother,irarelyraisedmyvoiceandmyreactionstotheirtellingabouttheirimproperbehaviorsremainedcalm,nomatterhowifeltinside.parentingididwasfarfromeasy.ittookpatience,persistence,andconsistency.everyonehopesforbeautifulrelationshipswiththeirchildren,andeveryonecanhavethem.thetheoryissimple:trustisthelock—communicationisthekey.1、whatdoweknowaboutadolescentsaccordingtothetext?a.theycannoteasilycontrolthemselvesb.theyareeasilyinfluencedbytheirparentsc.theyareeagertocommunicatewithparentsd.theydon’texpectparents’guidanceandsupport2、whichofthefollowingwordsbestdescribestheauthorwhenshewasateenager?a.gentleb.dishonestc.hurtd.careless3、howdidtheauthorgaintrustwhencommunicatingwithherchildren?a.bymakingapromiseb.byraisinghervoicec.bydemandingmuchofthemd.bycontrollingherreactions4、thetextismainlyintendedtotellus__________.a.theneedofridingangerathomeb.thewaysofparentingadolescentsc.theimportanceofsupportingchildrend.thebenefitofbuildinggoodrelationshipswithchildrentext4billieholidaywasanamericanjazzsingerandsongwriter.nicknamedladydaybyherloyalfriendandmusicalpartner,lesteryoung,holidayhadagreatinfluenceonjazzandpopsinging.hervoicedstyle,stronglyinspiredbyjazzinstrumentalists,pioneeredanewwayofcontrollingtempo(节奏).aboveall,shewasadmiredforherdeeplypersonalanddirectapproachtosinging.sheco-wroteafewsongs,andseveralofthemhavebecomejazzstandards,notablygodblessthechild,don’texplain,andladysingstheblues.shealsobecamefamousforsingingjazzstandardswrittenbyothers,includingeasylivingandstrangefruit.herearlycareerishardtotrackdownwithaccuracy.butshelatergainedworksinginginlocaljazzclubsbeforebeingspottedbyatalentscout(星探),johnhammondin1933.hervoiceandrecordingswerelovedforthedepthofemotionandintensityshecouldbringtoclassicstandards.herrangeofvoicewasnotthegreatest,butherextraordinarylowroughvoicewassoontobecomeveryfamousandinfluential.shewasanimportanticon(偶像)ofthejazzeraandinfluentialinthedevelopmentofjazzsinging.inthelate1930s,shebegansingingacivilrightssongcalledstrangefruit,asongwhichtoldthetaleofalynching(用私刑处死)ofablackmaninthedeepsouth.itwasverycontroversialforthatperiodanditwasnotplayedonradios.itwasrecordedforcommodorerecordsandsheperformeditmanytimesoverthenext20years.billieholidayhadadifficultupbringingwhichinfluencedherattitudetowardlife.sheexperiencedmanyviolentrelationships.shealsobecameincreasinglydependentonvariousdrugswhichcontributedtoherearlydeathin1959,agedjust44.1、whatmadeholidaydevelopanewwayofcontrollingtempo?a.hermusicalpartner.b.hervoicedstyle.c.jazzinstrumentalists.d.herdirectapproachtosinging.2、whywasthesongstrangefruitbannedonradios?a.itwasaboutacruelstory.b.itwasrecordedverybadly.c.itconcernedcivilrights.d.itwasperformedmanytimes.3、itcanbelearnedfromthetextthatholiday_____.a.hadthegreatestrangeofvoiceb.wasgiftedandhadahappychildhoodc.wroteafewsongsincludingeasylivingd.wasfamousforhervoiceandwayofsinging4、whichofthefollowinghadagreateffectonholiday?a.johnhammondb.herindependencec.jazzinstrumentalistsd.herhardexperiencesofgrowinga.a,b,cb.a,b,dc.a,c,dd.b,c,dpartbdirections:readthefollowingtextandanswerthequestionsbychoosingthemostsuitablesubheadingfromthelista-gforeachnumberedparagraph(41-45).therearetwoextrasubheadingswhichyoudonotneedtouse.markyouranswersontheanswersheet.(10points)janegoodallwasborninlondon,england1.april3,2.whenshewasayounggirl,jane3.(spend)asmuchtime,outsideasshecouldshelovedthetarzanstoriesat4.ageofeleven,janedecidedtogotoafricaasayounglady,herpassiongrow5.(strong),andwhenaclosefriendinvitedhertokenyain1957,janeimmediatelyacceptedafterearningherphd,shereturnedtotanzaniatocontinueobservingchimpanzees(黑猩猩)there,throughherhardwork,chimpanzees6.(record)forthefirsttimeaseatingmeatenglishisalanguage1.(speak)allaroundtheworldtherearemorethan42countries2.themajority(大大都)ofthepeoplespeakenglishmostnativespeakersofenglish3.(find)intheunitedkingdom,theunitedstatesofamerica,canada,australia,southafrica,irelandandnewzealandintotal,formorethan375millionpeopleenglishistheirmothertongue4.equalnumberofpeoplelearnenglishasasecondlanguagethesepeoplewillperhapsspeakthelanguageoftheirowncountryathomewiththeirfamily,butthelanguageofthegovernment,schools,newspapersandtvisenglishhowever,thenumberofpeoplewholearnenglishasaforeignlanguage5.(be)morethan750millionmostpeoplelearnenglishforfiveorsixyearsathighschoolinonlyfiftyyears,englishhasdevelopedintothelanguagemost6.(wide)spokenandusedintheworlditistheworkinglanguageofmostinternationalorganizationsforeignstaffinchinaarenotrequested7.(learn)chinesechinesebusinessmen,taxidriversandstudentscantalkwiththem8.(use)englishenglishisalsothelanguageofglobalculture,suchaspopularmusicandtheinternetyoucanlistentoenglishsongs9.theradiooruseenglishtocommunicatewithpeoplearoundtheworldthroughtheinternetwithsomanypeoplecommunicatinginenglisheveryday,10.willbecomemoreandmoreimportanttohaveagoodknowledgeofenglishsectioniiitranslationdirections:translatethefollowingtextintochinese.writeyourtranslationontheanswersheet.(15points)campingoneruptingvolcanosantiaguitoinguatemalaguatemala’sactivevolcanosantiaguitoeruptswithanexplosionofhotashandrockseveryfewhours.however,asanadventure-lover,idecidedtogocampingonit.1、wewereabouttoclimb8hoursandsetupcamponaninactivevolcanicvent,rightnexttotheactiveone.thiswasnotanormalactivity.mostvisitorstotheareajusthikeupneighboringsantamariaandgazedownfromasafedistanceatsantiaguitoexplodingfromoveramileaway.onlycrazypeoplewouldattempttocampontheeruptingvolcanoitself.butimanagedtoroundup6morecrazypeopletojoinme.notawalkinthepark.2、allthishastobedonewithfullpacksloadedwith6litersofwatereach,andeverythingelsewe’dneedfor2daysonabarrenvolcano.3、itfeelsasthoughwe’veleftplanetearth,andarenowhikingonthelunarsurface.everythingiscoveredinathicklayerofash,makingthewholelandscapecolorless.steamisrisingupthroughventsintheground.cloudsandfogaremovinginallaroundus,sometimesmakingitimpossibletoseemorethan10feetahead.4、overthepast8hoursourgroupoftotalstrangershasturnedintoaremarkableteam—everyonelookingupateachother’sback.wasitworththetrip?well,afterthementallyandphysicallyexhaustingdayofdifficultandtechnicalclimbing,weweretreatedtoanincredibleview:everythingunderourfeetwastakeninaglance.5、a.preparefortheworst.b.yes,itwasworthit.c.welcometothemoon.d.crazypeoplewanted.e.nowit’stimetoslidedownthesteepslopesofthevolcano.f.butwithhandyequipmentandstrongcommunication,allofussafelymakeittothetop.g.toachieveourmission,we’dhavetohikeandclimbwithdifficultyforthemajorityofthetrip.第二节:根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为剩下选项。留心:请将答案转写到答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。mostofustrademoneyforentertainment.71butifyouthinkyoucan’thaveagoodtimewithoutspendinglotsofmoney,readon.youcanfindsomenewdiscoveries.rememberonesentence:thebestthingsinnaturearefree.ifyouhavetheeyestofindfunaroundyou,thoughyouhavenomoney,youcanhaveagreattime!72strollthroughbusystreetsandseewhateverybodyelseisdoing.youwillprobablyseepeoplefromallovertheworld;youwillcertainlyseepeopleofeveryage,size,andshape,andyouwillgetafreefashionshow,too.checkthelistingsinyourneighborhoodnewspaper.localcollegesorschoolsoftenwelcomethepublictohearaninterestingspeechoragooddebate.73besuretocheckcommercialadvertisementsinthenewspapers,too.afleamarketcanprovidehoursofpleasantbrowsing.perhapsyoucanfindafreecookingorcraftsdemonstrationinadepartmentstore.74itisalwaysmorepleasantnottohavepeopleinfrontofyouinamuseumoratazoo.youmaysavesomemoney,too,fortheseplacesoftensetasideoneortwofreeadmissiondaysatslowtimes.pretendthatyouareatouristtravelinginthiscityfromtimetotime,andgettoknowyourcityalloveragainincludingthesightsthatpeopletravelmilestosee.75justhavearelaxedmind,andyouwillfindentertainmentnomatteryouhavemoneyornot.a.however,moneyisnothighlyvaluedeverywhere.b.thefilmorconcertseriesatthelocalpubliclibraryprobablywillnotcostyouapenny.c.itseemsthatnowadayswecanonlyusemoneytoenjoyourselves.d.planaheadforsomeactivities.e.itwon’tcostmuchreadymoney,either.f.withimaginationandaspiritofadventure,youcaneasilyfindgoodentertainmentatnocostatall.g.peoplemaybethemostinterestingshowinalargecity.

参阅答案sectioniu查找引擎优化fenglish1、1.a2.c3.d4.b5.a6.d7.a8.d9.b10.d11.c12.a13.b14.b15.c16.c17.c18.d19.a20.csectioniireadingcomprehension2、1.a2.d3.a4.c3、1.a2.b3.d4.c4、1.a2.c3.d4.b5、1.b2.c3.d4.c6、1.on2.spent3.the4.stronger5.wererecorded7、1.spoken2.where3.arefound4.an5.is6.widely

7.tolearn8.using9.on10.itsectioniiitranslation8、1.d2.e3.c4.f5.b9、1.c2.g3.b4.d5.f

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